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There are a variety of tools and measures available to collect both qualitative and quantitative data on the various forms of VAW and VAC. While tools and measures for several forms of VAW and VAC are still evolving, below are links to selected tools that are being used and / or have been validated for use in different settings. Please email us your tools and measures for possible inclusion on this page.

Checklist for ensuring the quality of violence against women surveys. (2023, October 11). UN Women – Headquarters. https://www.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2023/12/checklist-for-ensuring-the-quality-of-violence-against-women-surveys
Fissel, E. R., Graham, A., Butler, L. C., & Fisher, B. S. (2022). A New Frontier: The Development and Validation of the Intimate Partner Cyber Abuse Instrument. Social Science Computer Review, 40(4), 974–993. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439321994618
A five-question women’s agency index created using machine learning and qualitative interviews. (2021, March 3). The Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL). https://www.povertyactionlab.org/blog/3-3-21/five-question-womens-agency-index-created-using-machine-learning-and-qualitative
Evidence Project. (2020). Gender and Power Metrics Database: A living database of scales that have been used to measure constructs of gender, agency, power, and control. Population Council, The Evidence Project. https://knowledgecommons.popcouncil.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2881&context=departments_sbsr-rh#:~:text=It%20includes%20multi%2Ditem%20scales,self%2Defficacy%2C%20among%20others.
Heise, L., Pallitto, C., García-Moreno, C., & Clark, C. J. (2019). Measuring psychological abuse by intimate partners: Constructing a cross-cultural indicator for the Sustainable Development Goals. SSM - Population Health, 9, 100377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100377
Perrin, N., Marsh, M., Clough, A., Desgroppes, A., Yope Phanuel, C., Abdi, A., Kaburu, F., Heitmann, S., Yamashina, M., Ross, B., Read-Hamilton, S., Turner, R., Heise, L., & Glass, N. (2019). Social norms and beliefs about gender based violence scale: a measure for use with gender based violence prevention programs in low-resource and humanitarian settings. Conflict and Health, 13(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13031-019-0189-x
Helgeson, V. S., & Van Vleet, M. (2019). Short report: Inclusion of other in the self scale: An adaptation and exploration in a diverse community sample. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36(11–12), 4048–4056. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407519848491
Morelli, M., Bianchi, D., Chirumbolo, A., & Baiocco, R. (2018). The cyber dating violence inventory. Validation of a new scale for online perpetration and victimization among dating partners. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 15(4), 464–471. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2017.1305885
Watkins, L. E., Maldonado, R. C., & DiLillo, D. (2018). The Cyber Aggression in Relationships Scale: A New Multidimensional Measure of Technology-Based Intimate Partner Aggression. Assessment, 25(5), 608–626. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191116665696
Brown, C., & Hegarty, K. (2018). Digital dating abuse measures: A critical review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 40, 44–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2018.03.003
Wolford-Clevenger, C., Zapor, H., Brasfield, H., Febres, J., Elmquist, J., Brem, M., Shorey, R. C., & Stuart, G. L. (2016). An Examination of the Partner Cyber Abuse Questionnaire in a College Student Sample. Psychology of Violence, 6(1), 156–162. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039442
Borrajo, E., Gámez-Guadix, M., Pereda, N., & Calvete, E. (2015). Cyber Dating Abuse Questionnaire. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/t41331-000
International Center for Research on Women, & Instituto Promundo. (2010). International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES). International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Instituto Promundo. https://www.icrw.org/publications/international-men-and-gender-equality-survey-images/
Gerger, H., Kley, H., Bohner, G., & Siebler, F. (2007). The acceptance of modern myths about sexual aggression scale: development and validation in German and English. Aggressive Behavior, 33(5), 422–440. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20195
Stith, S. M., & Hamby, S. L. (2002). The Anger Management Scale: Development and Preliminary Psychometric Properties. Violence and Victims, 17(4), 383–402. https://doi.org/10.1891/vivi.17.4.383.33683
Derogatis, L. R., Lipman, R. S., Rickels, K., Uhlenhuth, E. H., & Covi, L. (1974). The Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL): A self-report symptom inventory. Behavioral Science, 19(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1002/bs.3830190102
Violence against women 60 years and older. (n.d.). Retrieved March 28, 2024, from https://www.who.int/publications-detail-redirect/9789240090996
Measuring violence against women with disability. (n.d.). Retrieved March 28, 2024, from https://www.who.int/publications-detail-redirect/9789240089563
Paradiso, M. N., Rollè, L., & Trombetta, T. (n.d.). Image-Based Sexual Abuse Associated Factors: A Systematic Review. Journal of Family Violence, 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-023-00557-z
The DHS Program - Quality information to plan, monitor and improve population, health, and nutrition programs. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://dhsprogram.com/
Measuring Gender Attitude: Using Gender-Equitable Men Scale (GEMS) in Various Socio-Cultural Settings. (n.d.). Equimundo. Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://www.equimundo.org/resources/measuring-gender-attitude-using-gender-equitable-men-scale-gems-in-various-socio-cultural-settings/
care_rapid_gender_analysis_toolkit [gender.careinternationalwikis.org]. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2023, from http://gender.careinternationalwikis.org/care_rapid_gender_analysis_toolkit
A Practical Guide to Measuring Women’s and Girls’ Empowerment in Impact Evaluations. (n.d.). The Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL). Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://www.povertyactionlab.org/page/practical-guide-measuring-womens-and-girls-empowerment-impact-evaluations
17) Domestic Violence. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://dhsprogram.com/data/Guide-to-DHS-Statistics/17_Domestic_Violence.htm
About the CDC-Kaiser ACE Study |Violence Prevention|Injury Center|CDC. (2022, March 17). https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/aces/about.html
Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. (2022, February 27). Crimes against Children Research Center. https://www.unh.edu/ccrc/juvenile-victimization-questionnaire
I-Cast Data Tools | Child Abuse Research Tool. (n.d.). ISPCAN. Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://ispcan.org/ispcan-resources/library/icast/
Training, L. (n.d.). Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Interview CECA. Lifespan Training. Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://lifespantraining.org.uk/types-of-training/childhood-experience-of-care-abuse-ceca/ceca-introduction-and-background/
Child Trauma Screen (CTS). (n.d.). The Child Health and Development Institute of Connecticut, Inc. Retrieved September 19, 2023, from https://www.chdi.org/our-work/trauma-informed-initiatives/ct-trauma-screen-cts
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