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Violence against women is deeply rooted in patriarchy, manifested through gender discrimination, social norms and is experienced by women through their life span. The evidence on how to prevent violence against women and children is growing, and we now know violence is preventable. Read publications on violence against women prevention research and programmes on this page.

Vahedi, L., Stark, L., Ding, R., Masboungi, C., Erskine, D., Poulton, C., & Seff, I. (2024). A qualitative investigation of gender-based violence prevention and response using digital technologies in low resource settings and refugee populations. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 15(1), 2347106. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008066.2024.2347106
Celik, P. (2024). The effectiveness of school-based child sexual abuse prevention programmes among primary school-aged children: A systematic review. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 7, 100348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2024.100348
Sakellari, E., Berglund, M., Lagiou, A., Sotto-mayor De Carvalho Pinto, M. L., Ferreira Dos Santos, M. A., Lahti, M., & Murto, T. (2024). Perceptions and educational needs of social and healthcare professionals in the prevention of domestic violence – A focus group study. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, 40, 100956. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.srhc.2024.100956
Pastor‐Moreno, G., Saletti‐Cuesta, L., Henares‐Montiel, J., Escudero‐Carretero, M. J., Higueras‐Callejón, C., & Ruiz‐Pérez, I. (2024). Systematic review of healthcare interventions for reducing gender‐based violence impact on the mental health of women with disabilities. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, jnu.12985. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12985
Seto, M. C., Roche, K., Rodrigues, N. C., Curry, S., & Letourneau, E. (2024). Evaluating Child Sexual Abuse Perpetration Prevention Efforts: A Systematic Review. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/10538712.2024.2356194
Vara-Horna, A. A., Giraldo-Mejia, W., Guzman-Melgar, C., Quintana-Otiniano, M., Navarro-Viacava, M., & Delgado-Zegarra, J. (2024). SDGs Managers’ Assessment Bias and Their Implications for Preventing Violence Against Women in Companies. Violence Against Women, 10778012241251970. https://doi.org/10.1177/10778012241251970
Cuartas, J., Salazar, A., Backhaus, S., Little, M. T., McCoy, D., Yoshikawa, H., Bass, M., Metheny, N., & Knaul, F. (2024). Strategies to Prevent Violence Against Children in the Home: A Systematic Review of Reviews. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 15248380241247018. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380241247018
Andersen, L. P., Jaspers, S., Andersen, D., Karlsen, I., & Aust, B. (2024). A participatory and comprehensive intervention to improve violence prevention in two high-risk occupations: effect and process evaluation of a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial. BMC Public Health, 24(1), 1043. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-024-18527-5
McAlpine, K., Dennis, R., Mkude, M., & Maro, S. (2024). Practical tools for practitioners: Unravelling power dynamics as a prelude to preventing violence against women and children. Child Protection and Practice, 1, 100011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chipro.2024.100011
Peterman, A. (2024). Edutainment to prevent violence against women and children (SSRN Scholarly Paper No. 4755968). https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=4755968
Turner, E., Parkes, J., Nagasha, S. N., Naker, D., Nakuti, J., Namy, S., & Devries, K. (2024). Sexual violence through corporal punishment: Rethinking siloes in school violence prevention using feminist theory and data from Uganda. SSM - Qualitative Research in Health, 100413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmqr.2024.100413
Melendez-Torres, G. J., Orr, N., Farmer, C., Shaw, N., Chollet, A., Rizzo, A. J., Kiff, F., Rigby, E., Hagell, A., Priolo Filho, S. R., Taylor, B., Young, H., Bonell, C., & Berry, V. (2024). School-based interventions TO Prevent Dating and Relationship Violence and Gender-Based Violence: STOP-DRV-GBV systematic review. Public Health Research, 12(3), 1–192. https://doi.org/10.3310/KTWR6997
Cochrane, M., Szilassy, E., Coope, C., Emsley, E., Johnson, M., Feder, G., & Barbosa, E. C. (2024). Primary care system-level training and support programme for the secondary prevention of domestic violence and abuse: a cost-effectiveness feasibility model. BMJ Open, 14(1), e071300. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-071300
Bacchus, L. J., Colombini, M., Pearson, I., Gevers, A., Stöckl, H., & Guedes, A. C. (2024). Interventions that prevent or respond to intimate partner violence against women and violence against children: a systematic review. The Lancet Public Health, 9(5), e326–e338. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(24)00048-3
Miele, C., Maquigneau, A., Joyal, C. C., Bertsch, I., Gangi, O., Gonthier, H., Rawlinson, C., Vigourt-Oudart, S., Symphorien, E., Heasman, A., Letourneau, E., Moncany, A.-H., & Lacambre, M. (2023). International guidelines for the prevention of sexual violence: A systematic review and perspective of WHO, UN Women, UNESCO, and UNICEF’s publications. Child Abuse & Neglect, 146, 106497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2023.106497
Getzzg. (2023, October 20). Effectiveness of community mobilisation and group-based interventions for preventing intimate partner violence against women in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JOGH. https://jogh.org/2023/jogh-13-04115/
Chatterji, S., Boyer, C., Sharma, V., Abramsky, T., Levtov, R., Doyle, K., Harvey, S., & Heise, L. (2023). Optimizing the Construction of Outcome Measures for Impact Evaluations of Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Interventions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38(15–16), 9105–9131. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605231162887
Machisa, M. T., Mahlangu, P., Chirwa, E., Nunze, N., Sikweyiya, Y., Dartnall, E., Pillay, M., & Jewkes, R. (2023). Ntombi Vimbela! Sexual violence risk reduction intervention: pre and one-year post assessments from a single arm pilot feasibility study among female students in South Africa. BMC Public Health, 23(1), 1242. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-16149-x
Janowski, R., Green, O., Shenderovich, Y., Stern, D., Clements, L., Wamoyi, J., Wambura, M., Lachman, J. M., Melendez-Torres, G. J., Gardner, F., Baerecke, L., Te Winkel, E., Booij, A., Setton, O., Tsoanyane, S., Mjwara, S., Christine, L., Ornellas, A., Chetty, N., … Cluver, L. D. (2023). Optimising engagement in a digital parenting intervention to prevent violence against adolescents in Tanzania: protocol for a cluster randomised factorial trial. BMC Public Health, 23(1), 1224. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15989-x
Yount, K. M., Anderson, K. M., Trang, Q. T., & Bergenfeld, I. (2023). Preventing sexual violence in Vietnam: qualitative findings from high school, university, and civil society key informants across regions. BMC Public Health, 23(1), 1114. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15973-5
Silverman, J. G., Brooks, M. I., Aliou, S., Johns, N. E., Challa, S., Nouhou, A. M., Tomar, S., Baker, H., Boyce, S. C., McDougal, L., DeLong, S., & Raj, A. (2023). Effects of the reaching married adolescents program on modern contraceptive use and intimate partner violence: results of a cluster randomized controlled trial among married adolescent girls and their husbands in Dosso, Niger. Reproductive Health, 20(1), 83. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-023-01609-9
Sutherland, G., Hargrave, J., Krnjacki, L., Llewellyn, G., Kavanagh, A., & Vaughan, C. (2023). A Systematic Review of Interventions Addressing the Primary Prevention of Violence Against Women With Disability. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 152483802311759. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231175932
Bergenfeld, I., Minh, T. H., & Yount, K. M. (2023). Measuring Rape Empathy Among University Men in Vietnam: Development and Validation of the Rape Empathy Scale 10 (RES-10). Psychological Test Adaptation and Development, 4(1), 116–127. https://doi.org/10.1027/2698-1866/a000040
Sherwood, J., Phuengsamran, D., Janyam, S., Murray, S. M., Holliday, C. N., Darawuttimaprakorn, N., & Decker, M. R. (2023). Violence Victimization and Alcohol Use Among Venue-Based Female Sex Workers in Pattaya, Thailand: Unpacking the Temporal Relationship. Violence Against Women, 107780122311779. https://doi.org/10.1177/10778012231177997
Bloom, T. L., Perrin, N., Brown, M. L., Campbell, J., Clough, A., Grace, K. T., Laughon, K., Messing, J., Eden, K. B., Turner, R., & Glass, N. (2023). Concerned friends of intimate partner violence survivors: results from the myPlan randomized controlled trial on college campuses. BMC Public Health, 23(1), 1033. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15918-y
Willoughby, M., Janca, E., Kwon, S., Johnston, B., Collins, T., Kinner, S. A., Johns, D., Gallant, D., Glover-Wright, C., & Borschmann, R. (2023). Interventions to Prevent and Respond to Violence Against Justice-Involved Young Women: A Scoping Review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 152483802311711. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231171183
Buller, A. M., Pichon, M., Hidrobo, M., Mulford, M., Amare, T., Sintayehu, W., Tadesse, S., & Ranganathan, M. (2023). Cash plus programming and intimate partner violence: a qualitative evaluation of the benefits of group-based platforms for delivering activities in support of the Ethiopian government’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). BMJ Open, 13(5), e069939. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069939
Arora, N., dit Sourd, R. C., Quaife, M., Vassall, A., Ferrari, G., Alangea, D. O., Tawiah, T., Dwommoh Prah, R. K., Jewkes, R., Hanson, K., & Torres Rueda, S. (2023). The stated preferences of community-based volunteers for roles in the prevention of violence against women and girls in Ghana: A discrete choice analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 324, 115870. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2023.115870
Baker-Henningham, H., Bowers, M., & Francis, T. (2023). The Process of Scaling Early Childhood Violence Prevention Programs in Jamaica. Pediatrics, 151(Supplement 2), e2023060221M. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2023-060221M
Pagani, S., Hunter, S. C., Lawrence, D., & Elliott, M. A. (2023). Evaluating Mentors in Violence Prevention: A Longitudinal, Multilevel Assessment of Outcome Changes. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-023-01781-y
Pérez-Martínez, V., Marcos-Marcos, J., Cerdán-Torregrosa, A., Briones-Vozmediano, E., Sanz-Barbero, B., Davó-Blanes, Mc., Daoud, N., Edwards, C., Salazar, M., La Parra-Casado, D., & Vives-Cases, C. (2023). Positive Masculinities and Gender-Based Violence Educational Interventions Among Young People: A Systematic Review. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 24(2), 468–486. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380211030242
Edwards, K. M., Kumar, M., Waterman, E. A., Mullet, N., Madeghe, B., & Musindo, O. (2023). Programs to Prevent Violence Against Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 152483802311607. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231160742
Rudolph, J. I., Van Berkel, S. R., Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J., Walsh, K., Straker, D., & Campbell, T. (2023). Parental Involvement in Programs to Prevent Child Sexual Abuse: A Systematic Review of Four Decades of Research. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 152483802311564. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231156408
Gurbuz Cuneo, A., Vaillant, J., Koussoubé, E., Pierotti, R. S., Falb, K., & Kabeya, R. (2023). Prevention, Cessation, or harm reduction: Heterogeneous effects of an intimate partner violence prevention program in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. PLOS ONE, 18(3), e0282339. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0282339
Falb, K. L., Asghar, K., Blackwell, A., Baseme, S., Nyanguba, M., Roth, D., & Hategekimana, J. de D. (2023). Improving family functioning and reducing violence in the home in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo: a pilot cluster-randomised controlled trial of Safe at Home. BMJ Open, 13(3), e065759. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-065759
Mannell, J., Washington, L., Khaula, S., Khoza, Z., Mkhwanazi, S., Burgess, R. A., Brown, L. J., Jewkes, R., Shai, N., Willan, S., & Gibbs, A. (2023). Challenges and opportunities in coproduction: reflections on working with young people to develop an intervention to prevent violence in informal settlements in South Africa. BMJ Global Health, 8(3), e011463. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2022-011463
Kewley, S., Mhlanga-Gunda, R., & Van Hout, M.-C. (2023). Preventing child sexual abuse before it occurs: examining the scale and nature of secondary public health prevention approaches. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 29(1), 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1080/13552600.2021.2000651
Mannell, J., Tevaga, P., Heinrich, S., Fruean, S., Chang, S. L., Lowe, H., Brown, L. J., Vaczy, C., Tanielu, H., Cowley-Malcolm, E., & Suaalii-Sauni, T. (2023). Love Shouldn’t Hurt – E le Sauā le Alofa: Co-designing a theory of change for preventing violence against women in Samoa. Global Public Health, 18(1), 2201632. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2023.2201632
Banyard, V. L., Edwards, K. M., Rizzo, A. J., Segura-Montagut, A., Greenberg, P., & Kearns, M. C. (2023). Mixed Methods Community-Engaged Evaluation: Integrating Interventionist and Action Research Frameworks to Understand a Community-Building Violence Prevention Program. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 17(4), 350–372. https://doi.org/10.1177/15586898221108013
Guastaferro, K., Shipe, S. L., Connell, C. M., Letourneau, E. J., & Noll, J. G. (2023). Implementation of a Universal School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Program: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38(15–16), 8785–8802. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605231158765
Melendez-Torres, G. J., Bonell, C., Shaw, N., Orr, N., Chollet, A., Rizzo, A., Rigby, E., Hagell, A., Young, H., Berry, V., Humphreys, D. K., & Farmer, C. (2023). Are school-based interventions to prevent dating and relationship violence and gender-based violence equally effective for all students? Systematic review and equity analysis of moderation analyses in randomised trials. Preventive Medicine Reports, 34, 102277. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2023.102277
Jocson, R. M., Alampay, L. P., Lachman, J. M., Maramba, D. H. A., Melgar, M. E., Ward, C. L., Madrid, B. J., & Gardner, F. (2023). Pre-post Mixed Methods Study of a Parent and Teen Support Intervention to Prevent Violence Against Adolescents in the Philippines. Journal of Adolescent Health, 73(1), 102–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.02.027
Pereira, A., Akaligaung, A. J., Aborigo, R., Peterman, A., Palermo, T., & Barrington, C. (2023). ‘Joy, not sorrow’: Men’s perspectives on gender, violence, and cash transfers targeted to women in northern Ghana. SSM - Qualitative Research in Health, 3, 100275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmqr.2023.100275
Ison, J., & Matthewson, G. (2023). More than a dot point: Connecting primary prevention of violence against women and public transport. Journal of Transport & Health, 30, 101591. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2023.101591
Park, S., & Kim, S.-H. (2023). A systematic review and meta-analysis of bystander intervention programs for intimate partner violence and sexual assault. Psychology of Violence, 13(2), 93–106. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000456
Andajani-Sutjahjo, S., & Neang, M. (2023). “Help Children Walking on the Right Path”: Understanding Parents’ and Grandparents’ Perceptions on Violence Against Children in Cambodia and Prevention Strategies. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 38(3–4), 3924–3949. https://doi.org/10.1177/08862605221109923
The Equality Institute, & The Accelerator for GBV Prevention. (2023). What counts? The state of funding for the prevention of gender-based violence against women and girls. The Equality Institute & The Accelerator for GBV Prevention. https://preventgbv.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/11/EQI_The-Accelerator_What-Counts_Report_Nov-2023-1.pdf
The Equality Institute, & UN Women. (2023). Together for Prevention: Handbook on Multisectoral National Action Plans to Prevent Violence against Women and Girls [Policy Handbook]. UN Women. https://www.unwomen.org/sites/default/files/2023-10/handbook-on-multisectoral-national-action-plans-to-prevent-violence-against-women-and-girls-en.pdf
Howard-Merrill, L., Zimmerman, C., Sono, R., Riber, J., Wamoyi, J., Pawlak, P., Rolleri Insignares, L., Yaker, R., & Buller, A. M. (2023). Shifting social norms to prevent age-disparate transactional sex in Tanzania: what we can learn from intervention development research. Frontiers in Psychology, 14. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.926531
Mastonshoeva, S., Shonasimova, S., Gulyamova, P., Jewkes, R., Shai, N., Chirwa, E., & Myrttinen, H. (2022). Quantitative evaluation of Zindagii Shoista (Living with Dignity) intervention to prevent violence against women in Tajikistan. Global Health Action, 15(1), 2122994. https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2022.2122994
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